Smart Irrigation

CultYvate’s Smart Irrigation Solution is a proven sophisticated system that uses LORAWAN framework, Advanced IoT, AI and ML technologies. The system provides predictive insights to farmers on the required optimal watering for their crops based on seasons, soil type and crop growth phase.

The system design is optimized to provide high precision irrigation while being easy to manage. It is industry’s first automated AI and ML based technology system providing irrigation advisory and on-field experience to ensure each acre of the farm produces maximum output.

This solution enables a farmer to achieve 40% increase in quality yield with 60% water conservation potential when compared with other competitor solutions.


Smart irrigation systems take a multifaceted approach by monitoring soil conditions, weather changes, evaporation rates, and plant water use to determine and adjust a watering schedule. The system automatically determines the Start/Stop of watering and executes irrigation without human intervention

Hardware Components

Hardware Components


Gateway is an intelligent, performant and configurable LoRaWAN device for smart IoT applications. It connects sensors & controllers to the network server on the cloud. It is an open-source single-channel Long Range Wide Area Network Gateway, allowing users to send data and reach extremely long ranges.

cultYvate gateways are highly reliable, secure, gives maximum uptime and comes with different coverage range/capacities to meet end-user needs.

Our product range includes 3 variants –

  • Basic Gateway – connects up to 40 devices within a radius of 800 meters
  • Medium Range Gateway – connects close to 200 devices within a radius of 2 kilometres
  • High-Power Gateway – connects up to 1000 devices within a radius of 4 kilometres


  • Easily configurable to any 3G/4G network or Ethernet
  • Suitable to individual and/or community-based installations
  • Ensures maximum uptime
  • Real-time alerts on gateway performance
  • Remote troubleshooting & assistance
  • Low power consumption
  • Firmware upgrade via Web
  • Software upgradeable via network


cultYvate Field Controller uses the latest IoT technology providing ultimate control of connected devices and to achieve the maximum efficiency required for on-field automation success.

It collects data from soil moisture sensors and facilitates execution of irrigation automatically by opening/closing the valves as per the irrigation command received by the gateway.

It is powered by a battery charged by a solar panel and is inbuilt with internal antenna for communication with the gateway.


  • Designed for outdoor environments
  • Comfortable to hold and easy-to-install
  • Automatically activate and deactivate valves
  • Interfaces with soil moisture sensor and water meter
  • Fits all farm sizes and complexities
  • Over-the-air updates and maintenance


Power Battery operated with solar charging
Operating voltage 2V – 12 V
Operating temperature -40 to 85
Battery Li –Ion  3.7 V & 2600 mAh rechargeable battery
LORAWAN protocol Class A
Frequency Bands CN470/EU433/KR920/US915/EU868/AS923/AU915
Remote configure ≦80℃
 Via LoRa downlink Firmware upgradable
Frequency range Band 1 (HF): 862 ~ 867 Mhz
Programmable bit rate 300 kbps


The Pump Controllers allows user to send data and reach extremely long ranges.

It provides ultra-long range spread spectrum communication and high interference immunity whilst minimizing current consumption

The Pump controllers is aiming to provide an easy and low cost installation by using LoRa wireless technology. It targets professional wireless sensor network applications

LORAWAN protocol Class A
Frequency bands CN470/EU433/KR920/US915/EU868/AS923/AU915
Remote configure  Via LoRa downlink
Firmware upgradable Via program port
Frequency range Band 1 (HF): 862 ~ 867 Mhz
Maximum link budget 168 DB

Solenoid Valve

Solenoid valves are electrically activated valves, typically used to control the flow of water in cultYvate IoT systems. It serves the purpose of removing the need for an engineer to operate a valve manually.

Solenoids operate using an electromagnetic solenoid coil to change the state of a valve from open to closed, or vice-versa.

Built robustly to handle the rigours of commercial sites, these valves are virtually indestructible. This model features durable high-grade construction and a rugged diaphragm with support to prevent stress failure.


  • Heavy-Duty: PGVs are built to handle well over 150 GPM
  • Reliable: High-grade construction and rugged diaphragm provide unmatched performance
  • Dynamic: Maximize efficiency and prolong system life by the fine-tuning flow.
  • External and internal manual bleed allows quick and easy “at the valve” activation
  • A double-beaded diaphragm seal design for superior leak-free performance
  • Optional DC latching solenoids enable battery-powered controllers
  • Captive bonnet bolts provide hassle-free valve maintenance
  • Encapsulated 24 VAC solenoid with captive plunger for hassle-free service


  Controller type    Battery operated controller
  Inlet diameter    1″ / 1.5″/ 2″/ 3″
  Flow    0.1 to 300 GPM
  Flow control  Manual/ Automatic
  Pressure range    20 to 150 PSI
  Temperature rating    Upto 65℃
  Dimensions (L*W*H)    4¾”*4″* 5½”


Water Meter – Hall effect sensor

Accurate flow measurement is an essential step both in the terms of qualitative and economic points of view.

This sensor sits in line with the waterline and contains a pinwheel sensor to measure how much water has moved through it. There is an integrated magnetic Hall-Effect sensor that outputs an electrical pulse with every revolution.


  • Lightweight, easy to install
  • Inlaid with stainless steel impeller shaft, durable wearable
  • Seal ring with the upper & lower force structure never leaks.
  • Waterproof, heat resistance, pressure resistance, cold resistance.


  Size    1.5 inch
  Minimum working voltage   DC 5V - 24V
  Maximum operating current  15 mA
  Working voltage   DC 5V~ 18V
  Flow rate range   10~300 L/min ± 3%
  Load Capacity ≦ 10mA
  Work Temperature   ≦80℃
  Work humidity range    35% - 90% RH
 Allowing pressure range   pressure 1.75Mpa or less
  The ouput pulse duty cycle   50 ± 10%

Water Meter – Ultrasonic

Adopting state-of-the-art technology and sophisticated testing, the ultrasonic water meter is reliable with high accuracy measurement.

In addition, the special compact design does assure complete waterproof protection. The accuracy is guaranteed even if it is installed underwater in a long time.

It supports water consumption data tracing being able to detect water consumption & improving customer’s satisfaction.

  Minimum flow rate     60 LPH
  Material     Paraphenylene Amide with fiber glass
  Maximum operation pressure    1.6 Mpa
  Pressure loss    Δ P<63 kPa
  Battery    3.6 VDC lithium battery/ Electric option
  Interface & communication    Sigfox M-Bus optical port pulse   output(optional), RS-485 (optional), LPWAN(LoRa, NB-IoT)


The compact sensor can be inserted directly into the growing medium with minimal disturbance to roots or shoots.

The Soil Moisture Sensor Module determines the amount of soil moisture by measuring the resistance between two metallic probes that are inserted into the soil to be monitored.

This is used to signal irrigation alert when a plant needs watering.


Sensor Level  Single, 4-Point or Multilevel
Moisture range  5% to fully saturated soil
Accuracy  ±5%
Operational temperature  -40℃  to 85℃

CultYvate Applications

  • cultYvate Web Application is a dedicated omnichannel platform to provide a complete insight of Farmer & Geomapped field information.
  • The application facilitates cultYvate backend agronomists to manage farm activities more efficiently & effectively.
  • The app platform integrates into smart farming systems providing growers access to their devices.
  • The app allows backend agronomists to identify crop nutrient deficiencies, and get product recommendations.
  • Enhanced notifications and alerts engine : our app can notify farmers with IoT smart systems updates.
  • cultYvate farmer application allows farmers to gain access to crucial aspects of their smart farming systems.
  • Combining on-farm hardware, easy-to-use software, digital agronomy, AI-driven analytics & unbeatable support, we ensure that farmers are provided with up-to-date information about their farms.
  • The app also captures key field data and allow you to track key activities such as harvesting, spraying and planting.
  • The app publishes region specific weather data presenting details on temperature, humidity, precipitation & sunshine
  • It also features include farm-oriented management practices with a simple and fast way of planning, monitoring & tracking all farm activities.
  • The farmers can easily take crop advisory help from cultYvate backend experts using this app
  • cultYvate field officer application is dedicately built to connect cultYvate field officers with farmers virtually.
  • It allows field officers to onboard farmers directly into our web application by registering & geomapping farmland.
  • Field Officer has access to smart farming systems to all the farmers in his assigned territory.
  • This app to provide detailed reports/alerts/notifications of his network
  • Field Officer will also be provided access to farmer Ticket portal enabling seamless communication between backend team & farmer