Greenhouse Automation

IoT enabled Greenhouse automation is the technical approach through which the sensitive crops are enabled to perform well under regularly monitored and controlled conditions. Through this approach, farmers get benefited by automatic monitoring and optimal control of the greenhouse environment with minimal human intervention. Automation helps tailor an environment for crops that offer reactive solutioning to outside influences that may otherwise affect the yield of your crops.

HOW IT WORKS

Various sensors are used according to the crop requirement for continuous monitoring and cloud-based controlling of the environment in a smart greenhouse

Hardware Components

Hardware Components

GATEWAY

Gateway is an intelligent, performant and configurable LoRaWAN device for smart IoT applications. It connects sensors & controllers to the network server on the cloud. It is a open source single channel Long Range Wide Area Network Gateway, allowing users to send data and reach extremely long ranges.

cultYvate gateways are highly reliable, secure, gives maximum uptime and comes with different coverage range/capacities to meet end user needs.

Our product range includes 3 variants –

  • Basic Gateway – connects upto 40 devices within a radius of 800 meters
  • Medium Range Gateway – connects close to 200 devices within a radius of 2 kms,
  • High-Power Gateway – connects upto 1000 devices within a radius of 4 kms.

Features

  • Easily configurable to any 3G/4G network or Ethernet
  • Suitable to individual and/or community-based installations
  • Ensures maximum uptime
  • Real-time alerts on gateway performance
  • Remote troubleshooting & assistance
  • Low power consumption
  • Firmware upgrade via Web
  • Software upgradable via network

FIELD CONTROLLER

cultYvate Field Controller uses the latest IoT technology providing ultimate control of connected devices and to achieve the maximum efficiency required for on-field automation success.

It collects data from soil moisture sensors and facilitate execution of irrigation automatically by opening/closing the valves as per the irrigation command received by gateway.

It is powered by a battery charged by solar panel and is inbuilt with internal antenna for communication with gateway.

Features

  • Designed for outdoor environments
  • Comfortable to hold and easy-to-install
  • Automatically activate and deactivate valves
  • Interface with soil moisture sensor and water meter
  • Fits all farm sizes and complexities
  • Over-the-air updates and maintenance

Specifications

PowerBattery operated with solar charging
Operating voltage2V – 12 V
Operating temperature-40 to 85
BatteryLi –Ion  3.7 V & 2600 mAh rechargeable battery
LORAWAN protocolClass A
Frequency BandsCN470/EU433/KR920/US915/EU868/AS923/AU915
Remote configure≦80℃
 Via LoRa downlinkFirmware upgradable
Frequency rangeBand 1 (HF): 862 ~ 867 Mhz
Programmable bit rate300 kbps

PUMP CONTROLLER

The Pump Controllers allows user to send data and reach extremely long ranges.

It provides ultra-long range spread spectrum communication and high interference immunity whilst minimizing current consumption

The Pump controllers is aiming to provide an easy and low cost installation by using LoRa wireless technology. It targets professional wireless sensor network applications

LORAWAN protocolClass A
Frequency bandsCN470/EU433/KR920/US915/EU868/AS923/AU915
Remote configure Via LoRa downlink
Firmware upgradableVia program port
Frequency rangeBand 1 (HF): 862 ~ 867 Mhz
Maximum link budget168 DB

Solenoid Valve

Solenoid valves are electrically activated valves, typically used to control the flow of water in cultYvate IoT systems. It serves the purpose of removing the need for an engineer to operate a valve manually.

Solenoids operate using an electromagnetic solenoid coil to change the state of a valve from open to closed, or vice-versa.

Built with enough durability to handle the rigors of commercial sites, these valves are virtually indestructible. This model feature durable high-grade construction and a rugged diaphragm with support to prevent stress failure.

Features

  • Heavy-Duty: PGVs are built to handle well over 150 GPM
  • Reliable: High-grade construction and rugged diaphragm provide unmatched performance
  • Dynamic: Maximize efficiency and prolong system life by fine-tuning flow.
  • External and internal manual bleed allows quick and easy “at the valve” activation
  • Double-beaded diaphragm seal design for superior leak-free performance
  • Optional DC latching solenoids enable battery powered controllers
  • Captive bonnet bolts provide hassle-free valve maintenance
  • Encapsulated 24 VAC solenoid with captive plunger for hassle-free service

Specifications

  Controller type   Battery operated controller
  Inlet diameter   1″ / 1.5″/ 2″/ 3″
  Flow   0.1 to 300 GPM
  Flow control Manual/ Automatic
  Pressure range   20 to 150 PSI
  Temperature rating   Upto 65℃
  Dimensions (L*W*H)   4¾”*4″* 5½”

WATER METER

Water Meter – Hall effect sensor

Accurate flow measurement is an essential step both in the terms of qualitative and economic points of view.

This sensor sits in line with the water line and contains a pinwheel sensor to measure how much water has moved through it. There is an integrated magnetic Hall-Effect sensor that outputs an electrical pulse with every revolution.

Features

  • Light weight, easy to install
  • Inlaid with stainless steel impeller shaft, durable wearable
  • Seal ring with the upper & lower force structure never leaks.
  • Waterproof, heat resistance, pressure resistance, cold resistance.

Specifications

  Size   1.5 inch
  Minimum working voltage  DC 5V - 24V
  Maximum operating current 15 mA
  Working voltage  DC 5V~ 18V
  Flow rate range  10~300 L/min ± 3%
  Load Capacity≦ 10mA
  Work Temperature  ≦80℃
  Work humidity range   35% - 90% RH
 Allowing pressure range  pressure 1.75Mpa or less
  The ouput pulse duty cycle  50 ± 10%

Water Meter – Ultrasonic

Adopting state-of-the-art technology and sophisticated testing, ultrasonic water meter is reliable with high accuracy measurement.

In addition, the special compact design does assures complete waterproof protection. The accuracy is guaranteed even if it is installed under water in a long time.

It supports water consumption data tracing being able to detect water consumption & improving customer’s satisfaction.

  Minimum flow rate    60 LPH
  Material    Paraphenylene Amide with fiber glass
  Maximum operation pressure   1.6 Mpa
  Pressure loss   Δ P<63 kPa
  Battery   3.6 VDC lithium battery/ Electric option
  Interface & communication   Sigfox M-Bus optical port pulse   output(optional), RS-485 (optional), LPWAN(LoRa, NB-IoT)

SOIL MOISTURE SENSOR


The compact sensor can be inserted directly into the growing medium with minimal disturbance to roots or shoots.

The Soil Moisture Sensor Module determines the amount of soil moisture by measuring the resistance between two metallic probes that is inserted into the soil to be monitored.

This is used to signal irrigation alert when a plant needs watering.

Specifications

Sensor Level Single, 4-Point or Multilevel
Moisture range 5% to fully saturated soil
Accuracy ±5%
Operational temperature -40℃  to 85℃

TEMPERATURE & HUMIDITY SENSOR

The Temperature & Humidity sensor is a Long Range LoRaWAN Sensor providing ultra-long range spread spectrum communication and high interference immunity whilst minimizing current consumption. It has a built-in 2400mAh non-chargeable battery which can be used for more than 10 years. It is compatible with LoRaWAN protocol and can work with standard LoRaWAN gateway.
Features:

  • LoRaWAN Class A protocol
  • Frequency Bands: CN470/EU433/KR920/US915/EU868/AS923/AU915
  • Remote configure parameters via LoRaWAN Downlink
  • Firmware upgradable via program port
  • Built-in 2400mAh battery for more than 10 year use.
  • Built-in Temperature & Humidity sensor
  • Tri-color LED to indicate status

Specifications

Humidity – Operating Specifications
Accuracy tolerance±3 % RH
Repeatability0.1 % RH
Resolution0.01 % RH
Specific Range0 to 100 % RH
Response time8 seconds
Operating voltage range2.1V  to 5.5V
Supply voltage2.4 -5.5 V

Temperature – Operating Specifications
Accuracy tolerance±0.3 ℃
Repeatability0.06 ℃
Resolution0.01 ℃
Specific Range-40 to 120 ℃
Response Time>2 seconds
Operating Voltage range2.1V  to 5.5V
Supply voltage2.4 -5.5 V

pH Sensor

pH sensor is for an uncomplicated measurement in water is built with a industrial pH electrode in a 43 mm design that can be used in a variety of PH measurements with fast response and excellent thermal stability.

The sensor is designed with a membrane which prevents clogging and makes the electrode suitable for long-term online detection.

  Module Power 5.00 V
  Measuring range 0-14 pH
  Measuring temperature 0℃ to 60 ℃
  Accuracy ±0.1pH
  Response time≦1 min

EC Sensor

EC sensor is specifically geared for water quality analysis. This sensor has an upgraded version of EC probe that greatly improves the user experience and data precision.

  • Continuous EC measurements in a pipe or tank
  • Ideal for irrigation nutrient monitoring
  • 3.0~5.0V wide voltage input
  • Hardware filtered output signal, low jitter
  • Plug and play, no welding required
  • Software library supports two-point calibration, and automatically identifies standard buffer solution.

  Supply voltage  3.0~5.0V
  Output voltage  0~3.4V
  Probe connector  BNC
  Accuracy  ±5% F.S
  Cell constant  1.0
  Support detection range  0~20ms/cm
  Detection range  0~15ms/cm
  Temperature range  0~40℃

CultYvate Applications

  • cultYvate Web Application is a dedicated omnichannel platform to provide a complete insight of Farmer & Geomapped field information.
  • The application facilitates cultYvate backend agronomists to manage farm activities more efficiently & effectively.
  • The app platform integrates into smart farming systems providing growers access to their devices.
  • The app allows backend agronomists to identify crop nutrient deficiencies, and get product recommendations.
  • Enhanced notifications and alerts engine : our app can notify farmers with IoT smart systems updates.
  • cultYvate farmer application allows farmers to gain access to crucial aspects of their smart farming systems.
  • Combining on-farm hardware, easy-to-use software, digital agronomy, AI-driven analytics & unbeatable support, we ensure that farmers are provided with up-to-date information about their farms.
  • The app also captures key field data and allow you to track key activities such as harvesting, spraying and planting.
  • The app publishes region specific weather data presenting details on temperature, humidity, precipitation & sunshine
  • It also features include farm-oriented management practices with a simple and fast way of planning, monitoring & tracking all farm activities.
  • The farmers can easily take crop advisory help from cultYvate backend experts using this app
  • cultYvate field officer application is dedicately built to connect cultYvate field officers with farmers virtually.
  • It allows field officers to onboard farmers directly into our web application by registering & geomapping farmland.
  • Field Officer has access to smart farming systems to all the farmers in his assigned territory.
  • This app to provide detailed reports/alerts/notifications of his network
  • Field Officer will also be provided access to farmer Ticket portal enabling seamless communication between backend team & farmer